F&J Honey NZ / Nectavia Infused Honey

F&J’s PURE & NATURAL & INFUSED HONEY products are crafted in New Zealand using only the finest ingredients and made to the highest standards. F&J’s mission is to find the purest and most NATURAL INGREDIENTS possible to craft their products. 100% natural – just as nature intended. F&J Honey NZ / Nectavia Infused Honey NZ

Promoting healthy bee keeping practices with the aim of increasing the global bee population. Supporting local communities and clubs to promote bee keeping, passing on knowledge and giving back to aspiring beekeepers nationwide.

Honey Bee Facts
THE BEES JOB
Honey Bee
  • The honey bee is an insect that collects nectar from flowers and turns it into honey
  • A colony consist of three types of honey bees: the queen bee, female worker bees, and male drones
  • Both the worker bee and the queen are females but only the queen reproduces/lays eggs
  • The male drone’s only job is to mate with the queen
  • The queen’s job is to lay eggs and ensure the hive’s social structure (how the bees get along) is maintained by pheromones (scent that the queen releases)
  • The worker bee’s job is to clean, collect honey, pollen, water and propolis, build new comb, take care of baby bees (called larvae), and defend the hive
  • Bees have a marvelous brain the size of a pin head and can retain information for more than a week. A bee can recognize land marks and retain information on nectar and pollen sources.
The Worker, Drone & Queen Bee
THE BEES BODY
  • The honey bee has three basic body parts – head, abdomen and thorax
  • Honey bees have 6 legs, 2 compound eyes (one on each side of the head, made up of thousands of tiny lenses), 3 simple eyes (on the top of the head), 2 pairs of wings, a nectar pouch and a stomach.
  • On the head, the honey bee has eyes, a pair of antennae, a tongue and jaws called mandibles
  • Their tongues are used to suck water, nectar and honey
  • Mandibles are used for moving pollen and shaping beeswax
  • The thorax is a middle portion of the honey bee and it contains muscles
  • They have two pairs of wings and three pairs of legs
  • There are special structures on the rear legs of a honey bee with hairs that help the bee clean itself and carry pollen
  • The abdomen is the longest part of a honey bee and has most of the important organs
  • A bee doesn’t have blood vessels like a human; the hemolymph circulates through the whole of its body. Air is taken into the body through spiracles which are little holes along the sides of its abdomen
  • The abdomen is covered with hard segments that protect the honey bee and also help keep it from drying up
  • The honey bee’s wings stroke about 200 beats per second giving it its distinctive buzz.
  • The honey bee sting, found only in female bees, is on the tip of the abdomen
THE BEES ABILITIES
  • A worker bee maximum flight range is about 5 kilometers but most collect nectar and pollen within 800 meters of the hive
  • A honey bee flies at approximately 24 k/h
  • Insects have an exoskeleton which is on the outside, while we humans’ skeleton is on the inside
  • A bee heart is a long thin tube consisting of 8 chambers; 5 of which are very distinct. Each chamber takes in hemolymph from a small opening which closes when the abdomen pulses, which pumps the blood forward
  • The worker bee life span is 6 weeks in summer and 4 – 6 months in winter
  • Bees use their antennae to smell. They can detect nectar 2 kilometers away
  • Bees use their wings to fly, to evaporate surplus moisture from the nectar, ventilate the hive of stale air, cool the hive by introducing cool air and discharging warm air
  • Bees have the ability to disconnect their wings from their flight muscles and use them to generate heat
  • Bees see in a slightly different color range to humans
  • Many flowers have colored ultra-violet streaks we call “nectar guides” to guide the bee to the nectar in the base of the flower
  • A bee’s egg is 1.4mm long and 0.4mm wide. The egg shell (chorion) does not crack open like a hen’s egg but dissolves and flakes away from the body of newly hatched larvae
BEES AND THEIR HONEY
The Bee Hive
  • A female worker bee weighs 0.1g
  • She can carry half her weight, i.e., 0.05g, though sometimes she brings back only 0.02g
  • To bring in a 1kg of nectar, the bee needs to make 50,000 trips or 50,000 bees to make one trip
  • A bee can make 20 trips a day of 1 km return, bringing in 0.4g nectar
  • Thus; 1 kg of nectar represents more than 40,000 km (i.e., more than the circumference of the Earth)
  • Bees build a 6-sided hexagonal cell up to 5.35mm wide and 15mm long on an upward angle of 9 to 14°
  • About 1/3 of our food comes as a direct result of honey bee pollination
  • Honey bees have been around for millions of years
  • Honey bees are the only insects that produce food that is eaten by man
  • Honey is the only food to include all the substance necessary to sustain life

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